That was exciting. I counted over 40 seconds of motion in Manila. This is a wake up call for all of us, including me.
Check back here for updates. I am posting some basic material to begin with. We had another earthquake in this region last year. Here is a page i put together for that earthquake.
Don’t forget to get to the USGS online to fill out the “Did You Feel It?” form. The information provided helps geologists and seismologists learn about the ground shaking response for earthquakes in this region. They also can apply this information elsewhere (in some ways).
The Cascadia subduction zone is formed where the Gorda and Juan de Fuca plates subduct northeastward beneath the North America plate. Here is a figure that Alan Nelson put together. I have updated it with material from Jason Chaytor’s 2004 paper.
This is most likely an earthquake in the underlying Gorda plate. The Gorda is losing the battle between the JdF plate to the north and the Pacific plate to the south, both of which are colder, older, and more dense (basically, they form a vise that is squeezing Gorda so much that it deforms internally). This internal deformation results in the formation of left lateral strike slip faults in the southern GP that form on preexisting faults (originally formed at the Gorda rise, where the Gorda plate crust is created).
This is the moment tensor, which shows it is either a northeast striking left-lateral strike slip earthquake or a southeast striking right lateral strike slip earthquake. Given what we know about the regional tectonics, I would interpret this to be a left lateral earthquake. It plots just southwest of the 1980 M 7.2 Trinidad earthquake. There was a focal mechanism earlier that matched this moment tensor and then a later focal mechanism that was incorrect. I have removed both of them as the moment tensor is a more reliable measure of the sense of motion on the fault.
Here is the seismograph from Jamie Shuttmutt (downloaded from here)
Here is the seismograph from HSU dept. of Geology as taken by Jamie Shuttmutt
Here is the seismograph from the UC Berkeley Jacoby Creek seismometer, posted by Lori Dengler:
Here is a map showing the Modified Mercalli Shaking Intensity for the region. The contours and color over land have the same color scale. Note the increased shaking in the Humboldt Bay region. This is probably the result of the underlying material here (sediments vs bedrock).
Here is the map from the Southern California Earthquake Center (SCEC). There are several aftershocks in red. There was a M3.3 foreshock. The aftershocks appear to align with the northeast striking faults in this region of the Gorda plate. These are likely triggered earthquakes on different faults than the mainshock (so may not be considered aftershocks, but triggered seismicity).
Here is a primer for the different types of earthquake faults: