We just had a large magnitude earthquake offshore of El Salvador. Here is the USGS web page for the earthquake. Based on the magnitude and depth, it is not expected to have triggered a tsunami that would reach the coast of CA, OR, nor WA.
Here is a map that shows the region. The epicenter is plotted in green (the initial depth was set at 70 km, so it plotted in green. the depth was updated to 40 km, so will plot in yellow in other maps.).
This map shows the historic earthquakes as grey circles. These earthquakes are largely associated with the subduction zone here, where the Cocos plate is subducting northeastwardly beneath the Carribean plate to form the Middle America trench.
Here is a view of how the intensity attenuates (diminishes as the energy is absorbed by the earth’s crust) with distance from the earthquake. The blue dots are real data, with medians plotted as brown dots. One can see that there is considerable variation in the intensity for individual measurements. This can be due to a variety of reasons (variation in the earth’s crust, site conditions, etc.). The green and orange lines are model estimates of intensity attenuation given two models from Atkinson and Wald, 2007 (using Ground Motion Prediction Equations, GMPEs, based on regression through data from earthquakes in California and Central-Eastern US, respectively). The California regression seems to fit the data better than the Central/Eastern US model.
Based on the location, depth, and moment tensor shown below, I interpret this to be a normal earthquake. This earthquake is the result of extension in the downgoing plate, possibly from the bending (i.e. a bending moment normal fault).
This map shows the depth contours to the slab (the top of the downgoing Cocos plate). These slab contours were developed by Gavin Hayes who works at the USGS. Here is a web page that has links to the other slabs Hayes and his colleagues have developed. They are largely based on their interpretations of historic seismicity.
This is the pager (version 1) that shows modeled estimates of human and infrastructural damage from this earthquake. These pager estimates are revised as more seismological information is analyzed. The loss estimates assist aid agencies make plans on how much assustance they may need to send to the region (in the form of food, medical, money, etc.).
Here is a profile showing Ranero et al. (2003) interpretation of the structure of the subduction zone here. Look at the upper panel and note how the top of the slab bends downward. This causes extension that may be responsible for today’s earthquake. This is figure 8.14 from Mann et al., 2007.
Here is a map that shows preliminary tsunami wave height estimates from Here.
Here is a table of estimates for the tsunami wave height.
Here is a primer about Focal Mechanisms from the USGS.
Hayes, G. P., D. J. Wald, and R. L. Johnson (2012), Slab1.0: A three-dimensional model of global subduction zone geometries, J. Geophys. Res., 117, B01302, doi:10.1029/2011JB008524.
Mann, Paul, Robert D. Rogers, and Lisa Gahagan. “Overview of plate tectonic history and its unresolved tectonic problems.” Central America: Geology, resources and hazards 1 (2007): 201-237.
Ranero, C., Morgan, P., McIntosh, K. & Reichert, C.: Bending-related faulting and mantle serpentinization at the Middle America trench. Nature 425 (2003), pp.367–373.